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Your safety on Icelandic roads

冰岛安全驾驶指南

 

A good driver recognizes his inability and inexperience. The best and bravest drivers are those who stop or go back before they drive into dangerous situation or conditions that they are unfamiliar with. In some cases it may be wiser to use public transport or serviced tours.

正确评估自己的驾车能力、认清情况、降低陷入困境的概率是自驾旅行的明智之选。若驾驶经验尚浅,不足以应对陌生路况,建议使用公共交通或者参团旅游。

Following are some points to bear in mind when driving in Iceland. Even though you think you are a good driver, which you probably are, we highly recommend that you visit www.drive.is or www.safetravel.is for further information. Among other things we highly recommend that you take a look at the animated video with the famous Icelandic elf – Elfis – who is a specialist in road safety.  However, following are the most important things to bear in mind:

本篇是针对冰岛自驾时的实用指南,熟记这些要点,让路途更安心。此外,www.drive.iswww.safetravel.is 提供更详细信息,无论对新手或者驾车经验丰富者均适用。一部以冰岛小精灵 Elfis 为主角的卡通短片,讲解安全驾驶事宜,风格生动活泼,强烈推荐观看。以下是我们梳理出安全驾驶的几大要诀。

FASTEN YOUR SEATBELTS

 It is mandatory by law to have a safety belt on – both passengers and drivers. If one or more is not using safety belt, it may harm others in the car if an accident occurs.

务必系上安全带

冰岛法律规定司机和乘客都必须系上安全带。即使车上有一人没系安全带,如发生意外,也有可能导致多人受伤。

 

NO OFFROAD DRIVING

It is illegal to drive off-road in Iceland. The reason is nature’s fragility. Sand deserts that seems to be lifeless, are not if you look closer.  Be sure to stay on a recognized road or a trail. If the trail is not marked on a map – don’t go there.

严禁离路驾驶

冰岛自然环境脆弱,因此法律规定严禁离路驾驶。沙地远看似乎苍凉无生机,但是仔细观察却能发现一些植被的存在。请依照划定的道路驾车,严禁进入未标记的区域。

ARE YOU CAUSING DANGER?

Don’t stop or park the vehicle on the road unless in a case of emergency. There is no photo or sight worth the danger of stopping on the road. Not even if there is little traffic.

请勿在非紧急情况停车或泊车

驾驶途中,如非紧急情况,请勿在路上停车或泊车。曾经有游客因为观赏沿途风景而停留在公路上,造成严重伤亡事故。请注意,即使车流量非常小,也不允许这样做。

ALCOHOL & DRUGS

Under NO circumstances, is it permitted to drive while under the influence of alcohol or narcotic substances. 

严禁酒驾

无论任何情况,饮酒和服用麻醉性药品后都禁止驾驶。

 

SPEED

The speed limit in populated areas is usually 50 km/h.  Speed limit signs are usually not posted unless it is other than 50 km/h, for example 30 km/h.  The main rule in rural areas is that gravel roads have a speed limit of 80 km/h, and paved roads 90 km/h.

请勿超速

在人口密集区时速不得超过50千米每小时。通常情况下,如非50千米每小时 (例如30千里每小时),则无限速标志。在郊外,通用规则为:碎石路段时速不超过80千米,柏油路段不超过90千米。

 

 

LIGHTS ON ALL HOURS OF THE DAY

Be sure to turn the driving lights on. You are required by law to turn on your headlights and rear lights all year, all hours of the day.  This makes your car more visible and increases your safety.

驾驶时必须开车灯

冰岛法律规定,无论何时,驾驶时必须全程打开车头灯和车尾灯。夏天也不例外。

 

WEATHER AND ROAD CONDITIONS

Foreign travellers requiring information on weather, road and driving conditions should visit the the Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration English website at www.road.is or call 1777. When driving in winter, roads can get very icy and your tyre grip gets vastly compromised.  Please drive in accordance with the road surface and your own ability and experience.

留意天气和路况变化

访问冰岛道路及海岸管理局网站 (Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration, www.road.is)或拨打1777 获得最新天气、路况及驾驶建议。冬季路面常有结冰,非常滑,车轮抓地能力可能会大幅减弱。请根据驾驶能力、经验和当天路面情况进行判断。

 SINGLE–LANE BRIDGES

There are many single-lane bridges on the Ring Road.  This sign shows that you are approaching a single-lane bridge. Slow down and bear in mind that the actual rule is that the car closer to the bridge has the right-of-way.

单行道桥

一号环岛公路上有许多单行道桥。该标志意味着正在接近单行道桥。此时应该减速并遵守离道桥更近者有优先行驶权这一原则。

GRAVEL ROADS

Rural roads, where a paved road suddenly changes to gravel, are common accident sites. This sign indicates that you are approaching such situations. It is very important that drivers reduce speed before the changeover to gravel. When driving on gravel roads, which are often quite narrow, it is important to show caution in turns and when a car coming from the opposite direction approaches.

注意碎石路段

在农村地带,有些柏油路直接连接碎石路,路况急速变化有时让司机反应不及,因此是事故易发地。这个标志说明正在接近上述路况,此时在到达碎石路前减速慢行非常重要。碎石路通常也较窄,在转弯以及对面来车的情况下需额外谨慎。

BLIND HILLS

Blind hills, where lanes are not separate, can be very dangerous, and should be approached with utmost caution.  Keep the vehicle as far right as possible.

BLIND HILLS 路段

Blind hills 路段,有时难以察觉对面车辆,造成事故。看到这个标志,需十分谨慎,减速并尽量靠右行驶。

BLIND CURVES

There are many blind curves in Iceland that test a driver’s skill and attention.

留意急转弯道

冰岛有许多急转弯道,非常考验车技和注意力。

 

YOU STILL NEED TO REST AND SLEEP

In the summer you will get up to 24 hour daylight.  Please make sure you get enough sleep and rest as your body might be getting mixed signals as to whether it’s tired.

注意休息

由于紧贴北极圈,冰岛夏季几乎日不落,即使午夜时分也明亮如白昼,在冰岛生活多年的人也未必能适应这种情况。驾车旅游时请注意时间变化、务必休息充分、切勿疲劳驾驶。

 

LIVESTOCK ON THE ROAD

Sheep, horses and even cows can be in your path on Icelandic roads.  Sometimes a sheep is on one side of the road and her lambs on the other side.  Under these conditions, which are common, it is a good rule to expect the lambs or the sheep to run to the other side.

注意道路上牲畜

冰岛动物数量多,绵羊、马匹和奶牛偶尔也误入车行道路。有时候绵羊妈妈会带着幼崽出现在路上。驾车时请留意左右车道可能会出现的动物。

 

CLOSED MEANS IT’S CLOSED

Closed roads are CLOSED for a reason, usually because of impassable snow on the road or other risks.  If you pass a “Closed” (“Lokað” in Icelandic) sign you will most likely run into trouble which could endanger, not only you, but also those who have to come for your rescue. It can be costly in terms of time and money.

严禁翻越封闭区域

封闭区域意味着有必须禁止进入的情况发生,比如下雪或者其他原因导致不可通行。封闭区域都有 Closed 或 Lokað 标志 (冰岛语“封闭”的意思),一旦进入,极有可能会给犯规者甚至救援人员带来生命危险,也导致金钱和时间的损失。

 This article is based on information from the Icelandic Transport Authority (ICETRA), www.drive.is

 

本文以冰岛交通管理局 the Icelandic Transport Authority (ICETRA) 信息作参考,更多资讯请访问 www.drive.is